Archive for May, 2019


Azure AD Sync issues:

 

https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/scriptcenter/Common-Azure-AD-Sync-Issues-0f0025e1#content

 

https://techcommunity.microsoft.com/t5/Azure-Active-Directory-Identity/Sync-Error-Reports-in-AzureAD-Connect-Health-are-now-in-Public/ba-p/245151

Azure VM network concepts:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/network-overview

Azure GitHub references:

http://github.com/azure/azure-quickstart-templates

Create VM:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/

Manage VM:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/vm-usage

 

Run PowerShell scripts in your Windows VM with Run Command:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/run-command

Run Command uses the VM agent to run PowerShell scripts within an Azure Windows VM. These scripts can be used for general machine or application management and can be used to quickly diagnose and remediate VM access and network issues and get the VM back to a good state.

Azure VM troubleshooting:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/troubleshooting/

Overview:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/dsc/overview/overview

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/dsc/resources/resources

Blog: https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/powershell/2018/09/13/desired-state-configuration-dsc-planning-update-september-2018/

DSC resource kit:

https://github.com/powershell/dscresources

Troubleshooting DSC:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/automation/troubleshoot/desired-state-configuration

DSCEA:

https://github.com/Microsoft/DSCEA

readme: https://microsoft.github.io/DSCEA/

 

When you create a domain, all FSMO roles assigned to the first domain controller in the forest by default. You can transfer FSMO roles from one DC to another both the Active Directory graphics snap-ins and the PowerShell command line.

To get FSMO role: netdom query fsmo

Moving FSMO roles using AD PowerShell has the following benefits:

  • You do not need to connect with a MMC snap-ins to the future role owner;
  • Transferring or seizing FSMO roles does not require a connection to the current or future role owner. You can run AD-PowerShell module cmdlets on a Windows 7 client or on a member server running Windows Server (with the RSAT package installed);
  • To seize the FSMO role (if the current owner is not available), it suffices to use an additional parameter -force.
  • Important. After the FSMO roles has been seized, the domain controller from which the roles was seized should never be connected to the domain.

To get the current forest level FSMO role owners (Domain Naming Master and Schema Master roles) you can use the following PowerShell command:

Get-ADForest mydomain.com

o transfer FSMO roles between Active Directory domain controllers use the PowerShell cmdlet Move-ADDirectoryServerOperationMasterRole.

To use the Move-ADDirectoryServerOperationMasterRole cmdlet, you must meet the following requirements:

  • There must be at least one domain controller with a version of Windows Server 2008 R2 or higher;
  • Installed PowerShell 3.0 or newer;
  • Imported Active Directory module (2.0  or newer).

First of all, you need to load the Active Directory PowerShell module:

import-module activedirectory

Move-ADDirectoryServerOperationMasterRole -Identity "serverdc2" PDCEmulator

To simplify the command, you can replace the names of roles with numbers from 0 to 4. The correspondence of names and numbers is given in the table:

Move-ADDirectoryServerOperationMasterRole “severdc2” –OperationMasterRole 0,1,2,3,4
PDCEmulator 0
RIDMaster 1
InfrastructureMaster 2
SchemaMaster => be sure to be on the schema admins group before ! 3
DomainNamingMaster 4

Important. After the FSMO roles has been seized (-force parameter), the domain controller from which the roles was seized should never be connected to the domain.

How to export and import DHCP database

Note: be careful, when backup/restore DHCP. Remove the failover configuration on source DHCP before to perform a backup.

http://westontech.org/backup-and-restore-dhcp-with-failover-configuration-server-2012/

Try netsh dhcp export / import => this old method will not backup the FAILOVER settings. So it will help in your case to restore only the scopes.

 

jacques

A) Using the netsh command (OLD method):

To backup:
netsh dhcp server export d:\dhcpbackup\BackupFile.txt all

To restore:
Performing this task will create a file in the d:\dhcpbackup folder
Copy this file to the computer running Windows Server 2016 that will function as the new DHCP server.
You’ll need to install the DHCP server role on this computer and authorize the DHCP server in Active Directory before performing the following actions.
Open an elevated command prompt and run the following commands (this assumes you’ve copied the file to a folder named d:\dhcpbackup\)

Net stop DHCPserver
Del c:\windows\system32\DHCP\DHCP.mdb
Net start DHCPserver
Netsh dhcp server import d:\dhcpbackup\backupfile.txt
Exit
Net stop DHCPserver
Net start DHCPserver

B) Else using powershell (Recommended):

To backup:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/module/dhcpserver/export-dhcpserver?view=win10-ps

To restore:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/module/dhcpserver/import-dhcpserver?view=win10-ps

Here are resources about Azure and Office365,

let me summarize:

Office365 : is an offer of MS services and hosted applications – Saas ; in clear you pay for a service (sharepoint,exchange,office…) and you don’t manage the infra behind (like CPU,RAM,Storage,Security)

Azure: is a cloud (private/public) offer – paas/Iaas ; compared to Office365, MS provide just the plumbery (hyper-v, Storage, CPU, RAM, network) and you manage the applications, the Operating system, the security and patches, the applications ; in short “it is like a lego or a Mecano!”, and with Azure you can mix your on-premises IT infra with Azure in the cloud (and vice-versa)

Web resources for Azure  / Office 365:

Azure tips and tricks: https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/azure-tips-and-tricks-become-more-productive-with-azure/

Manage VM: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/

Office 365 for business get started: https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Get-started-with-Office-365-for-business-d6466f0d-5d13-464a-adcb-00906ae87029

Fasttrack: http://fasttrack.microsoft.com/office/drive-value/engage

Productivity library (scenarios): http://fasttrack.microsoft.com/office/envision/productivitylibrary

Technical decks: https://channel9.msdn.com/Events/Ignite/2016?sort=status&direction=desc&r%5B0%5D=Office%20365&page=2

Technical references: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office-365-service-descriptions.aspx

Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/OfficeGarageSeries

eLearning: https://mooc.office365-training.com/en/

Roadmap: https://products.office.com/en-us/business/office-365-roadmap

Azure AD Blog: http://blogs.technet.com/b/ad/

Azure Powershell: https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/azps-1-0/?utm_content=buffer067b3&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Azure RMS blog: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/rms/

‘In the Cloud’: http://blogs.technet.com/b/in_the_cloud/

Office blog: http://blogs.office.com/    and   http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/

Intune blog: http://blogs.technet.com/b/microsoftintune/

Azure training kit: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=8396

FAQ and enhancement suggestions: http://www.mygreatwindowsazureidea.com/forums/34192-general-feedback

portal and management: https://manage.windowsazure.com

main: http://www.windowsazure.com     calculatrice: http://aka.ms/calculatrice      white papers: http://aka.ms/livresblancs     FR blog: http://aka.ms/AzurBlogFr

Security: http://aka.ms/trustcenter   http://aka.ms/px2ahn

To go deeper:  http://aka.ms/MsdnAzureFr     Forum: http://aka.ms/ForumSupport     channel9:  http://aka.ms/Channel9AzureFr     Dashboard/SLAB: http://aka.ms/AzureDashboard

Blogs: http://blog.jeanlucboucho.com

Renew federation certificates for Office 365 and Azure Active Directory:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/hybrid/how-to-connect-fed-o365-certs

Prerequisites before using Azure:

Prepare your environment: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windowsazure/jj554332.aspx

Need certificates: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windowsazure/gg981929.aspx

How to use CSUpload?

How do you get CSUPLOAD?

CSUPLOAD is part of the Windows Azure SDK. After installing all components, it finds you csupload under the following path:
“C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows Azure\.NET SDK\v2.0\bin\csupload.exe”
How does CSUPLOAD work?

CSUPLOAD is a command console program that the VHDs in the uploads BLOB storage account and authenticated to the azure cloud client certificates.
Overall it with Visual Studio is very simple and fast to create the appropriate certificates, and to distribute them to the appropriate locations through the function
“Publish to Azure” that requires requires developer know-how or you experience with the Visual Studio.

CSUpload syntax reference:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg466228.aspx

Managing disks and images:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windowsazure/jj672979.aspx

How to:http://www.microsofttranslator.com/bv.aspx?from=&to=en&a=http://blogs.technet.com/b/patrick_heyde/archive/2012/07/12/windows-azure-csupload-setup-amp-how-to.aspx

the article above refers to: http://www.microsofttranslator.com/bv.aspx?from=&to=en&a=http%3A%2F%2Fblogs.msdn.com%2Fb%2Favkashchauhan%2Farchive%2F2011%2F09%2F21%2Fhow-to-generate-2048-bit-certificate-with-makecert-exe.aspx

Example:

CSUPLOAD how to?

# Create exportable certificate for Azure (use -pe to be exportable)
makecert -r -pe -n “CN=My Azure IaaS Cert2048” -a sha1 -ss My -len 2048 -sy 24 -b 07/08/2013 -e 07/08/2014

then open mmc,load certificates snap-in, My user, personal,
select the certificate, export
to D:\Contoso
MyAzureCertificate.cer

upload the certificate, from the Azure portal, settings, certificates management

get the thumbprint: 4D15540AFD7182964651826BE133FB3C868BA4D1

Now with csupload:

“C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows Azure\.NET SDK\v2.0\bin\csupload” Set-Connection “SubscriptionId=eaea9c22-cc5a-4da2-8dd2-d89837f042b7;CertificateThumbprint=4D15540AFD7182964651826BE133FB3C868BA4D1;ServiceManagementEndpoint=https://management.core.windows.net”

# just for fun

D:\Contoso>”C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows Azure\.NET SDK\v2.0\bin\csupload” get-Connection
Windows(R) Azure(TM) Upload Tool version 2.0.0.0
for Microsoft(R) .NET Framework 3.5
Copyright c Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Warning: CSUpload.exe will be deprecated in a future release. Use the Windows Azure PowerShell cmdlets instead: http://go.microsoft.com/?linkid=9811175&clcid=0x409.
ConnectionString          : SubscriptionId=eaea9c22-cc5a-4da2-8dd2-d89837f042b7;CertificateThumbprint=4D15540AFD7182964651826BE133FB3C868BA4D1;ServiceManagementEndpoint=https://management.core.windows.net/
SubscriptionId            : eaea9c22-cc5a-4da2-8dd2-d89837f042b7
CertificateSubjectName    : CN=Amadeus Azure IaaS Cert2048
CertificateThumbprint     : 4D15540AFD7182964651826BE133FB3C868BA4D1
ServiceManagementEndpoint : https://management.core.windows.net/

D:\Contoso>”C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows Azure\.NET SDK\v2.0\bin\csupload” get-location
Windows(R) Azure(TM) Upload Tool version 2.0.0.0
for Microsoft(R) .NET Framework 3.5
Copyright c Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Warning: CSUpload.exe will be deprecated in a future release. Use the Windows Azure PowerShell cmdlets instead: http://go.microsoft.com/?linkid=9811175&clcid=0x409.
Using the saved connection string…
Location : West US

Location : East US

Location : East Asia

Location : Southeast Asia

Location : North Europe

Location : West Europe

A total of 6 record(s) were found.

D:\Contoso>”C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows Azure\.NET SDK\v2.0\bin\csupload” get-hostedservice
Windows(R) Azure(TM) Upload Tool version 2.0.0.0
for Microsoft(R) .NET Framework 3.5
Copyright c Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Warning: CSUpload.exe will be deprecated in a future release. Use the Windows Azure PowerShell cmdlets instead: http://go.microsoft.com/?linkid=9811175&clcid=0x409.
Using the saved connection string…
Name          : amazure
Label         : amazure
Location      : North Europe

A total of 1 record(s) were found.

D:\Contoso>”C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows Azure\.NET SDK\v2.0\bin\csupload” get-disk
Windows(R) Azure(TM) Upload Tool version 2.0.0.0
for Microsoft(R) .NET Framework 3.5
Copyright c Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Warning: CSUpload.exe will be deprecated in a future release. Use the Windows Azure PowerShell cmdlets instead: http://go.microsoft.com/?linkid=9811175&clcid=0x409.
Using the saved connection string…
Name                : Contoso-Contoso-0-201308011545510947
Location            : North Europe
OS                  : Windows
LogicalDiskSizeInGB : 128
MediaLink           : http://portalvhdsncdc9022xjxbf.blob.core.windows.net/vhds/amazure-Contoso-2013-08-01.vhd
SourceImageName     : a699494373c04fc0bc8f2bb1389d6106__Windows-Server-2012-Datacenter-201306.01-en.us-127GB.vhd

A total of 1 record(s) were found.

—————————————–
Upload a disk (vhd) to Azure:

You can use the Add-Disk parameter of the CSUpload Command-Line Tool to upload a .vhd file and register it in Windows Azure as either an operating system disk or a data disk.
An image is a VHD that has been generalized and is used to create an operating system disk. An operating system disk is a VHD that contains specific settings for a virtual machine.

Specifies a VHD file to be uploaded as a disk. A VHD file that has been uploaded as a disk can be used to create a virtual machine if the file contains an operating system or it can be used to create a data disk that can be attached to a virtual machine.
•–Connection <string> – (Optional if the Set-Connection command has been run) Specifies the connection string that is used to connect to Windows Azure. The connection string contains the identifier of your Windows Azure subscription and the thumbprint of the management certificate that you created to enable API access to the subscription. The connection string is provided in the following format: “SubscriptionID=subscription-id;CertificateThumbprint=cert-thumbprint;ServiceManagementEndpoint=https://management.core.windows.net”. You can find the subscription identifier and certificate thumbprint in Management Portal.
•-Destination <string> – Specifies the blob storage account where the VHD file is stored. The destination includes the endpoint of the account, the container in the account where the file is stored, and the name of the VHD file. For example,”http://auxpreview146imagestore.blob.core.azure-preview.com/mydisks/mydisk.vhd&#8221;
•-Label <string> – Specifies the identifier that is used for the disk in the Management Portal.
•-LiteralPath <string> – Specifies the location and name of the VHD file to upload as a disk.
•-Name <string> – (Optional) Specifies the name to be used for the VHD file that is being uploaded.
•-OS <string> – (Optional) If the VHD file that is being uploaded contains an operating system to be used with a virtual machine, you must include this parameter with the value of Windows or Linux depending on the type of operating system that is installed.
•-Overwrite – (Optional) Indicates that you intend to overwrite an existing VHD file with a new file.

“C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows Azure\.NET SDK\v2.0\bin\csupload” add-disk -destination http://portalvhdsncdc9022xjxbf.blob.core.windows.net/vhds/SP2010.vhd -label SP2010 -literalpath d:\contoso\contoso1.vhd -name contoso1.vhd -os Windows

“C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows Azure\.NET SDK\v2.0\bin\csupload” add-disk -destination http://portalvhdsncdc9022xjxbf.blob.core.windows.net/vhds/EX2010.vhd -label EX2010 -literalpath d:\contoso\contoso2.vhd -name contoso2.vhd -os Windows

Following commands to be added twice to Linux and Windows :

Linux:

net ads dns register -P

Windows:

ipconfig /registerdns